Working with MongoDB

Visual Studio Code has great support for working with MongoDB databases, whether your own instance or in Azure with MongoDB Atlas. With the MongoDB for VS Code extension, you can create, manage, and query MongoDB databases from within VS Code.

Install the extension

MongoDB support for VS Code is provided by the MongoDB for VS Code extension. To install the MongoDB for VS Code extension, open the Extensions view by pressing ⇧⌘X (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+X) and search for 'MongoDB' to filter the results. Select the MongoDB for VS Code extension.

Select MongoDB for VS Code

Connect to MongoDB

Once you've installed the MongoDB for VS Code extension, you'll notice there is a new MongoDB Activity Bar view. Select the MongoDB view and you'll see the MongoDB Explorer.

MongoDB explorer

To connect to a MongoDB database, select Add Connection and enter the connection details for the database then Connect, the default is a local MongoDB server at mongodb:// You can also enter a connection string, click the "connect with a connection string" link and paste the connection string.

Database Connection setup

Note: Make sure your MongoDB server (mongod.exe) is running if you are connecting to a local MongoDB server.

Once attached, you can work with the MongoDB server, managing MongoDB Databases, Collections, and Documents.

attached MongoDB database

You can expand databases to view their collections with their schema and indexes and you can select individual MongoDB Documents to view their JSON.

open mongodb document

You can also attach a MongoDB shell to the active connection, simply by right-clicking on the connection itself.

MongoDB Connection

Note: Make sure the MongoDB shell (mongo or mongosh) is installed and is on your path. In the extension's settings, you can choose which shell you are using.

MongoDB Commands

There are MongoDB specific commands available in the VS Code Command Palette (⇧⌘P (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+P)) as well as through Explorer context menus.

mongodb commands

Using Playgrounds

One of the most powerful features of the VS Code MongoDB integration is Mongo Playgrounds. Playgrounds let you create, run, and save MongoDB commands from a VS Code editor. Create a new playground with the MongoDB: Create MongoDB Playground command.

new mongo Playground

In a playground, you can reference MongoDB entities and commands and you get rich IntelliSense as you type. Playgrounds are useful for prototyping database operations and queries. Execute selected lines in the playground queries with the MongoDB: Run Selected Lines From Playground command.

mongodb Playground

Run Playground queries

MongoDB on Azure

You can easily create a MongoDB cluster on Azure for Free with MongoDB Atlas.

Choose Create a New Cluster from the dashboard and choose Azure as the Cloud Provider. Once the cluster is created, connect to using the connection string provided by MongoDB Atlas.

Create Azure Cluster

Next steps

  • Azure Extensions - The VS Code Marketplace has hundreds of extensions for Azure and the cloud.
  • Deploying to Azure - Learn step-by-step how to deploy your application to Azure.
  • Working with Docker - Put your application in a Docker container for easy reuse and deployment.