HTML in Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code provides basic support for HTML programming out of the box. There is syntax highlighting, smart completions with IntelliSense, and customizable formatting. VS Code also includes great Emmet support.
As you type in HTML, we offer suggestions via HTML IntelliSense. In the image below, you can see a suggested HTML element closure
</div> as well as a context specific list of suggested elements.
Document symbols are also available for HTML, allowing you to quickly navigate to DOM nodes by id and class name.
You can trigger suggestions at any time by pressing ⌃Space (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Space).
You can also control which built-in code completion providers are active. Override these in your user or workspace settings if you prefer not to see the corresponding suggestions.
// Configures if the built-in HTML language suggests HTML5 tags, properties and values.
Tag elements are automatically closed when
> of the opening tag is typed.
The matching closing tag is inserted when
/ of the closing tag is entered.
You can turn off autoclosing tags with the following setting:
Auto update tags
When modifying a tag, the linked editing feature automatically updates the matching closing tag. The feature is optional and can be enabled by setting:
The VS Code color picker UI is now available in HTML style sections.
It supports configuration of hue, saturation and opacity for the color that is picked up from the editor. It also provides the ability to trigger between different color modes by clicking on the color string at the top of the picker. The picker appears on a hover when you are over a color definition.
You can turn that validation off with the following settings:
// Configures if the built-in HTML language support validates embedded scripts.
// Configures if the built-in HTML language support validates embedded styles.
You can fold regions of source code using the folding icons on the gutter between line numbers and line start. Folding regions are available for all HTML elements for multiline comments in the source code.
Additionally you can use the following region markers to define a folding region:
<!-- #region --> and
<!-- endregion -->
If you prefer to switch to indentation based folding for HTML use:
To improve the formatting of your HTML source code, you can use the Format Document command ⇧⌥F (Windows Shift+Alt+F, Linux Ctrl+Shift+I) to format the entire file or Format Selection ⌘K ⌘F (Windows, Linux Ctrl+K Ctrl+F) to just format the selected text.
html.format.wrapLineLength: Maximum amount of characters per line.
html.format.unformatted: List of tags that shouldn't be reformatted.
html.format.contentUnformatted: List of tags, comma separated, where the content shouldn't be reformatted.
html.format.extraLiners: List of tags that should have an extra newline before them.
html.format.preserveNewLines: Whether existing line breaks before elements should be preserved.
html.format.maxPreserveNewLines: Maximum number of line breaks to be preserved in one chunk.
html.format.wrapAttributes: Wrapping strategy for attributes:
auto: Wrap when the line length is exceeded
force: Wrap all attributes, except first
force-aligned: Wrap all attributes, except first, and align attributes
force-expand-multiline: Wrap all attributes
aligned-multiple: Wrap when line length is exceeded, align attributes vertically
preserve: Preserve wrapping of attributes
preserve-aligned: Preserve wrapping of attributes but align
html.format.wrapAttributesIndentSize: Alignment size when using
nullto use the default indent size.
html.format.templating: Honor django, erb, handlebars and php templating language tags.
html.format.unformattedContentDelimiter: Keep text content together between this string.
Tip: The formatter doesn't format the tags listed in the
The Marketplace has several alternative formatters to choose from. If you want to use a different formatter, define
"html.format.enable": false in your settings to turn off the built-in formatter.
VS Code supports Emmet snippet expansion. Emmet abbreviations are listed along with other suggestions and snippets in the editor auto-completion list.
Tip: See the HTML section of the Emmet cheat sheet for valid abbreviations.
If you'd like to use HTML Emmet abbreviations with other languages, you can associate one of the Emmet modes (such as
html) with other languages with the
emmet.includeLanguages setting. The setting takes a language identifier and associates it with the language ID of an Emmet supported mode.
We also support User Defined Snippets.
HTML custom data
You can extend VS Code's HTML support through a declarative custom data format. By setting
html.customData to a list of JSON files following the custom data format, you can enhance VS Code's understanding of new HTML tags, attributes and attribute values. VS Code will then offer language support such as completion & hover information for the provided tags, attributes and attribute values.
You can read more about using custom data in the vscode-custom-data repository.
Install an extension to add more functionality. Go to the Extensions view (⇧⌘X (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+X)) and type 'html' to see a list of relevant extensions to help with creating and editing HTML.
Tip: Click on an extension tile above to read the description and reviews to decide which extension is best for you. See more in the Marketplace.
Read on to find out about:
- CSS, SCSS, and Less - VS Code has first class support for CSS including Less and SCSS.
- Emmet - Learn about VS Code's powerful built-in Emmet support.
- Emmet official documentation - Emmet, the essential toolkit for web-developers.
Does VS Code have HTML preview?
No, VS Code doesn't have built-in support for HTML preview but there are extensions available in the VS Code Marketplace. Open the Extensions view (⇧⌘X (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+X)) and search on 'live preview' or 'html preview' to see a list of available HTML preview extensions.