Java Project Management in VS Code

This document will give you an overview of how to use the Maven for Java and Java Dependency Viewer extensions to manage your projects within Visual Studio Code.

Maven

Maven is a software tool that helps you manage Java projects and automate application builds. The Maven for Java extension for Visual Studio Code provides fully integrated Maven support, allowing you to explore Maven projects, execute Maven commands, and perform the goals of build lifecycle and plugins.

Exploring Maven project

Once a Maven project is loaded, the extension will be activated and it will automatically scan for pom.xml files in your workspace and displays all Maven projects and their modules in the side bar.

Maven Explorer

Working with POM.xml

The extension provides code snippets and auto completion for adding Maven dependencies based on local Maven repositories. See how easy it is to add a new dependency to your pom.xml with those convenient features.

POM Editing Assistance

The extension also enables you to generate effective POM.

Generate Effective POM

Execute Maven commands and goals

By right-clicking each Maven project in the explorer, you can conveniently run Maven goals.

Run Maven Goal

The extension also preserves the history of goals for each project, so you can quickly rerun the previous command, which is useful when you're running a long custom goal.

There are two way to rerun a goal:

  1. Command Palette > Select Maven: History > Select a project > Select command from the history.
  2. Right-click a project > Click History > Select command from history.

Rerun history

For each plug-in you use with your project, the extension also provides you an easy way to access the goals within each plugin.

Run plug-in goal

Generate project from maven Archetype

Another handy feature provided by this extension is to generate a Maven project from Archetype. The extension loads archetypes listed in local/remote catalogs. After selection, the extension sends mvn archetype:generate -D... to the terminal.

There are two ways to generate a Maven project:

  1. From the Command Palette, select Maven: Generate from Maven Archetype.
  2. Right-click on a folder and select Generate from Maven Archetype.

Generate Project from Archetype

Additional resources

Visit the GitHub Repo of the Maven extension for additional configurations and a troubleshooting guide.

Project management

Project Management in Visual Studio Code is provided by the Java Dependency Viewer extension. This extension has many features including creating projects as well as viewing the package structure of the project and its dependencies.

Create project

In addition to creating a project through Maven Archetype, you can also use the following command to create a simple Java project: Command Palette > select Java: Create Java Project.

Creating Project

If you're creating a Spring Boot project, you can also use the Spring Initializr extension, see Spring Boot in Visual Studio Code.

Package and dependency view

The extension also has a hierarchy view of your project and dependencies, which supplements the file view and outline provided by Visual Studio Code, so you don't need to expand multiple subfolders to just view your Java package.

Package Viewer

Hierarchical View

Next steps

Read on to find out more about:

  • Java Editing - Explore the editing features for Java in VS Code.
  • Java Debugging - Find out how to debug your Java project with VS Code.
  • Java Testing - Use VS Code for your JUnit and TestNG cases.
  • Java Extensions - Learn about more useful Java extensions for VS Code.