Profiles in Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code has hundreds of settings, thousands of extensions, and innumerable ways to adjust the UI layout to customize the editor. VS Code Profiles let you create sets of customizations and quickly switch between them or share them with others. This topic explains how to create, modify, export, and import profiles.

Create a Profile

VS Code treats your current configuration as the Default Profile. As you modify settings, install extensions, or change UI layout by moving views, these customizations are tracked in the Default Profile.

To create a new profile, you can use the File > Preferences > Profiles > Create Profile menu item.

Create Profile command

You can create a new profile based on the current profile (Profiles: Create from Current Profiles) or create an Empty Profile. An Empty Profile includes no user customizations (settings, extensions, snippets, etc.).

You can also access the Profile command menu via the Manage gear button in the lower right of the Activity bar.

Create Profile command via the Manage button in the Activity bar

The Profiles: Create Profile command is also available in the Command Palette (⇧⌘P (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+P)).

You can choose to create a new profile by copying from a Profile Template or from an existing profile or create an Empty Profile in the Profile creation dialog.

Create Profile Dialog

Partial Profile

A partial profile allows you to customize only a subset of configurations (settings, keyboard shortcuts, snippets, tasks and extensions) and use the rest of the configurations from the Default Profile. For example, you can create a profile with all configurations except for keyboard shortcuts, and VS Code will apply the keyboard shortcuts from the Default Profile when this profile is active.

Create Partial Profile Dialog

Check the current profile

The current profile name is displayed in several places in the VS Code UI:

  • Title bar
  • File > Preferences > Profiles
  • Manage gear button hover

If you are still using the Default Profile, no profile name is displayed.

The Manage gear button displays a badge with the first two letters of the active profile so you can quickly check which profile you are running.

Manage gear displaying "DE' to indicate that the user's 'Demo' profile is active

Configure a profile

You can configure a profile just as you would normally change any VS Code configuration. You can install/uninstall/disable extensions, change settings, and adjust the editor's UI layout (for example, moving and hiding views) like normal. These changes are stored in your currently active profile.

Workspace associations

When you create or select an existing profile, it is associated with the current workspace and whenever you open that folder, the workspace's profile is active. If you open another folder, the profile switches to that folder's associated profile if one has been set or remains on the last used profile.

Managing profiles

Switch profiles

You can quickly switch between profiles with the Profiles: Switch Profile command in the Command Palette, which presents a dropdown listing your available profiles.

You can also switch profiles by selecting a profile from the list displayed in the Profiles menus, available via the Manage gear button or File > Preferences > Profiles.

Edit a profile

You can edit an existing profile via the Edit command in the Profiles menu.

Delete a profile

You can delete a profile via the Delete Profile command. The Delete Profile drop down lets you select which profile(s) to delete.

Profile contents

The Profiles: Show Contents command (available in the Command Palette or Profiles menus) brings up the Profiles view, where you can review the customizations for the profile.

Profile view displaying contents of a Doc Work profile

A profile can include:

  • Settings - In a profile-specific settings.json file.
  • Extensions - The list of extensions included in the current profile.
  • UI state - View layout (positions), visible views and actions.
  • Keybindings - In a profile-specific keybindings.json file.
  • Snippets - In a profile-specific {language}.json files.
  • User Tasks - In a profile-specific tasks.json file.

When you create a new profile based on the Default Profile, the profile-specific configuration files are populated from your user configuration files. Workspace-specific settings are not automatically included in a new profile.

Note: Unchecking an extension in the Profiles view does not remove or disable the extension from the current profile but does remove the extension if you export the profile.

Applying a setting to all profiles

A setting can be applied to all profiles using the Apply Setting to all Profiles action available in the Settings editor.

Apply setting to all Profiles

This will apply the value of the setting to all profiles. Any updates to this setting from any profile will be applied to all profiles. You can always revert this by unchecking the Apply Setting to all Profiles action.

Applying an extension to all profiles

An extension can be applied to all profiles by clicking on the Apply Extension to all Profiles action in the Extensions view.

Apply an extension to all Profiles

This will make this extension available in all profiles. You can always revert this by unchecking the Apply Extension to all Profiles action.

Share Profiles


You can export a profile in order to save it or share it with others. The Export Profile command displays the Profiles view with the contents of the active profile and an Export button. You can unselect various elements of the profile such as extensions or configuration files before you export the profile.

When you select Export, you are prompted for the profile name and whether you want to export to a GitHub gist or your local file system.

Save as a GitHub gist

After you save a profile to GitHub (you'll be prompted to log into GitHub), a dialog gives you the option to Copy Link so you can share your profile gist URL with others. The URL includes an autogenerated GUID and has the format{GUID}. The GitHub gist is marked as Secret, so only those with the link can see the gist.

If you launch the profile URL, it opens VS Code for the Web ( with the Profiles view open and the imported profile contents displayed. You can unselect profile elements if you wish and you need to manually Install Extensions (via the download cloud button) if you want to continue using that profile in

You also have the option to Import Profile in Visual Studio Code, which opens VS Code Desktop with the profile's contents displayed and an Import Profile button.

You can review your gists at{username}. From your GitHub gist page you can rename, delete, or copy the GUID of a gist.

Save as a local file

If you chose to save the profile as a local file, a Save Profile dialog lets you place the file on your local machine. A profile is persisted in a file with the extension .code-profile.


To import an existing profile, run the Import Profiles command. You are prompted for the URL of a GitHub gist or the file location of a profile via an Import Profile dialog. Once you have selected the profile, the Profiles view opens and displays the profile to import. You can unselect some profile elements if you don't want to import them. Select the Import Profile button and you will now be using the imported profile.

Uses for Profiles

Profiles are a great way to customize VS Code to better fit your needs. In this section, we look at some common use cases for profiles.

Since profiles are remembered per workspace, they are a great way to customize VS Code for a specific programming language. For example, you can create a JavaScript frontend profile that includes the extensions, settings, and customizations you use for JavaScript development in one workspace, and have a Python backend profile that includes the extensions, settings, and customizations you use for Python development in another workspace. Using this approach, you can easily switch between workspaces and always have VS Code configured the right way.


When doing a demo, you can use a profile to set up a specific configuration for your demo. For example, you can create a profile with a specific set of extensions and settings like zoom level, font size, and color theme. By doing this, a demo will not mess up your normal VS Code setup and you can customize VS Code for better visibility during your presentation.


Profiles can be used to customize VS Code for students to ease the use in a classroom setting. Profiles allow educators to quickly share a customized VS Code setup with students. For example, educators can create a profile with a specific set of extensions and settings needed for a computer science class and then share that profile with students.

Report VS Code issues

One use of an Empty Profile is to reset your editor when you want to report an issue with VS Code. An Empty Profile disables all extensions and modified settings so you can quickly see if the issue is due to an extension, a setting, or is in VS Code core.

Profile Templates

VS Code comes with a predefined set of profile templates that you can use to customize VS Code for your specific workflow. To create a new profile based on a template, select a Profile Template when going through the Create Profile flow.

Python Profile Template

The Python profile is a good starting point for Python development. It comes with Python specific snippets and has the following extensions:

This profile also sets the following settings:

    "python.analysis.autoImportCompletions": true,
    "python.analysis.fixAll": ["source.unusedImports"],
    "editor.defaultFormatter": ""

Data Science Profile Template

The Data Science profile is a good starting point for all data and notebook work. It comes with specific snippets and has the following extensions:

  • Data Wrangler - Data viewing, cleaning and preparation for tabular datasets and Excel/CSV/Parquet files.
  • Black Formatter - Formatting support using the black formatter.
  • Jupyter - Use Jupyter notebooks within VS Code.
  • Python - IntelliSense, linting, formatting, debugging, refactoring.
  • Dev Containers - Create custom development environments inside a Docker container.
  • GitHub Copilot - Your AI pair programmer.

This profile also sets the following settings:

    "[python]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "",
        "editor.formatOnType": true,
        "editor.formatOnSave": true
    "editor.inlineSuggest.enabled": true,
    "editor.lineHeight": 17,
    "breadcrumbs.enabled": false,
    "files.autoSave": "afterDelay",
    "jupyter.themeMatplotlibPlots": true,
    "jupyter.widgetScriptSources": [
    "notebook.experimental.outputScrolling": true,
    // "notebook.outline.showCodeCells": true,
    "files.exclude": {
        "**/.csv": true,
        "**/.parquet": true,
        "**/.pkl": true,
        "**/.xls": true

Doc Writer Profile Template

The Doc Writer profile is a good lightweight setup for writing documentation. It comes with the following extensions:

This profile also sets the following settings:

    "workbench.colorTheme": "Default Light+ Experimental",
    "editor.minimap.enabled": false,
    "breadcrumbs.enabled": false,
    "editor.glyphMargin": false,
    "explorer.decorations.badges": false,
    "explorer.decorations.colors": false,
    "editor.fontLigatures": true,
    "files.autoSave": "afterDelay",
    "git.enableSmartCommit": true,
    "window.commandCenter": true,
    "editor.renderWhitespace": "none",
    "workbench.editor.untitled.hint": "hidden",
    "markdown.validate.enabled": true,
    "markdown.updateLinksOnFileMove.enabled": "prompt",
    "workbench.startupEditor": "none"

Node.js Profile Template

The Node.js profile is a good starting point for all Node.js work. It comes with the following extensions:

This profile comes with the following settings:

    "editor.formatOnPaste": true,
    "git.autofetch": true,
    "[markdown]":  {
        "editor.wordWrap": "on"
    "[json]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[jsonc]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "vscode.json-language-features"
    "[html]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[javascript]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[typescript]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"

Angular Profile Template

The Angular profile is a good starting point for all Angular work. It comes with the following extensions:

This profile sets the following settings:

    "editor.formatOnPaste": true,
    "git.autofetch": true,
    "[markdown]":  {
        "editor.wordWrap": "on"
    "[json]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[jsonc]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "vscode.json-language-features"
    "[html]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[javascript]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "[typescript]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
    "workbench.iconTheme": "material-icon-theme"

Java General Profile Template

The Java General profile is a good starting point for all Java work. It customizes the layout to improve the Java experience and comes with the following extensions from the Extension Pack for Java:

Java Spring Profile Template

The Java Spring profile is a good starting point for all Java and Spring developers. It builds on the Java General profile and add the following extensions from the Spring Boot Extension Pack:

This profile sets the following settings:

    "[java]": {
        "editor.defaultFormatter": ""
    "boot-java.rewrite.reconcile": true

Command line

You can launch VS Code with a specific profile via the --profile command-line interface option. You pass the name of the profile after the --profile argument and open a folder or a workspace using that profile. The command line below opens the web-sample folder with the "Web Development" profile:

code ~/projects/web-sample --profile "Web Development"

If the profile specified does not exist, a new empty profile with the given name is created.

Common Questions

Where are profiles kept?

Profiles are stored under your User configurations similar to your user settings and keybindings.

  • Windows %APPDATA%\Code\User\profiles
  • macOS $HOME/Library/Application\ Support/Code/User/profiles
  • Linux $HOME/.config/Code/User/profiles

If you are using the Insiders version, the intermediate folder name is Code - Insiders.

Where is the UI State globalState.json file?

If you expand the UI State node in the Profiles view, there is a globalState.json entry. This is an in-memory JSON representation of your profile's UI State, describing the visibility and layout of various VS Code UI elements. The file does not actually exist on disk and is just a JSON view of the underlying global state storage.

What is a Temporary Profile?

A Temporary Profile is a profile that is not saved across VS Code sessions. You create a Temporary Profile via the Profiles: Create a Temporary Profile command in the Command Palette. The Temporary Profile starts as an Empty Profile and has an automatically generated name (such as Temp 1). You can modify the profile settings and extensions, use the profile for the lifetime of your VS Code session, but it will be deleted once you close VS Code.

Temporary Profiles are useful if you want to try a new configuration or test an extension without modifying your default or existing profile. Restarting VS Code reenables the current profile for your workspace.

How can I remove the profile from my project?

You can set your project back to the Default Profile. If you'd like to remove all profile workspace associations, you can use the Developer: Reset Workspace Profiles Associations, which will set all local folders currently assigned a profile back to the Default Profile. Reset Workspace Profiles Associations does not delete any existing profiles.

Do profiles sync across machines (via Settings Sync)?

Yes, you can use Settings Sync to move your profiles across various machines. With Setting Sync enabled and Profiles checked in the Settings Sync: Configure drop down, all your created profiles are available.

Settings Sync data drop down with Profiles checked

Why are some settings not exported when exporting a profile?

When exporting profiles, machine-specific settings are not included because these setting would not be applicable on another machine. For example, settings that point to local paths are not included.