Common Capabilities

Common Capabilities are important building blocks for your extensions. Almost all extensions use some of these functionalities. Here is how you can take advantage of them.

Command

Command is central to how VS Code works. You open the Command Palette to execute commands, bind custom keybindings to commands, and right-click to invoke commands in Context Menus.

An extension could:

Learn more about commands at the Extension Guides / Command topic.

Configuration

An extension can contribute extension-specific settings with the contributes.configuration Contribution Point and read them using the workspace.getConfiguration API.

Keybinding

An extension can add custom keybindings. Read more in the contributes.keybindings and Key Bindings topics.

Context Menu

An extension can register custom Context Menu items that will be displayed in different parts of the VS Code UI on right-click. Read more at the contributes.menus Contribution Point.

Data Storage

There are four options for storing data:

  • ExtensionContext.workspaceState: A workspace storage where you can write key/value pairs. VS Code manages the storage and will restore it when the same workspace is opened again.
  • ExtensionContext.globalState: A global storage where you can write key/value pairs. VS Code manages the storage and will restore it for each extension activation.
  • ExtensionContext.storagePath: A workspace specific storage path pointing to a local directory where your extension has write/read access. This is a good option if you need to store large files that is accessible only from current workspace.
  • ExtensionContext.globalStoragePath: A global storage path pointing to a local directory where your extension has write/read access. This is a good option if you need to store large files that is accessible from all workspaces.

The extension context is available to the activate function in the Extension Entry File.

Display Notifications

Almost all extensions need to present information to the user at some point. VS Code offers three APIs for displaying notification messages of different severity:

Quick Pick

With the vscode.QuickPick API, you can easily collect user input or let the user make a selection from multiple options. The QuickInput Sample illustrates the API.

File Picker

Extensions can use the vscode.window.showOpenDialog API to open the system file picker and select files or folders.

Output Channel

The Output Panel displays a collection of OutputChannel, which are great for logging purpose. You can easily take advantage of it with the window.createOutputChannel API.

Progress API

You can use the vscode.Progress API for reporting progress updates to the user.

Progress can be shown in different locations using the ProgressLocation option:

  • In the Notifications area
  • In the Source Control view
  • General progress in the VS Code window

The Progress Sample illustrates this API.